Restoring/Backing up Postgres Database in a Docker Container
In the previous tutorial, I show you how to deploy a web app, Redis, Postgres, Nginx with Docker. This post shows you how to restore and backup Postgres database which is running in a Docker container. You can get all source code at https://github.com/vinceyuan/DockerizingWebAppTutorial.
pg_dump to dump a database to a text file. And then zip and upload it to Amazon S3 with a handy command line tool s3cmd. In this tutorial, I can't provide
secret_key of S3. So you may not really run it until you get your own.
Let’s install s3cmd on the host.
apt-get install -y s3cmd
s3cmd to configure. You should input your
secret_key of S3. It creates
.s3cfg at your home directory.
In the previous tutorial, after running Postgres in a container, we should restore database from the backup. We need to get the backup first.
cd /mydata && mkdir db_restore && cd db_restore
List backup files in your s3.
s3cmd ls s3://your_db_dumps/
Download a backup file and unzip.
s3cmd get s3://db_dumps/dump2015-05-22T09:15:13+0800.txt.gz
Run a container with Postgres client to restore db from dump.
docker run -d --name myredispgclient --link mypostgres:postgres -v /mydata/db_restore/:/tmp/ -i -t myredispgclient /bin/bash
If it does not show the console of the container, run this to get it
# docker exec -i -t myredispgclient bash $ env | grep POSTGRES_
$ psql -h $POSTGRES_PORT_5432_TCP_ADDR -p $POSTGRES_PORT_5432_TCP_PORT -U postgres
> \l # List all databases. Make sure mynodeappdb exists
> \q # Quit
$ psql -h $POSTGRES_PORT_5432_TCP_ADDR -p $POSTGRES_PORT_5432_TCP_PORT -U postgres -d mynodeappdb < /tmp/dump2015-05-22T09\:15\:13+0800.txt
$ exit # Exit the console of the container
# docker stop myredispqclient
Let’s build mys3cmd image which has s3cmd 1.0 installed. The latest version is 1.5.2. But 1.5.2 fails to upload big files for me. So I have to use 1.0. This is the Dockerfile. It is based on myredispgclient image.
RUN apt-get update \
&& wget -O- -q http://s3tools.org/repo/deb-all/stable/s3tools.key | apt-key add - \
&& wget -O/etc/apt/sources.list.d/s3tools.list http://s3tools.org/repo/deb-all/stable/s3tools.list \
&& apt-get update \
&& apt-get install -y --force-yes --no-install-recommends s3cmd=1.0.0-4 \
&& apt-get clean \
&& apt-get autoremove \
&& rm -rf /var/lib/apt/lists/\*
docker build -t mys3cmd .
mydbbackup2s3 image for backing up. I tried many times to write a working Dockerfile for mydbbackup2s3. That's why I create mys3cmd image. With mys3cmd image, it doesn't need to download and install s3cmd when I re-build mydbbackup2s3 again and again. In the Dockerfile of mydbbackup2s3, we copied
/root/ (You need to provide
.pgpass stores the password of the database and we have to
chmod 600 for it.
dump_db_and_upload.sh is a script I wrote to dump, zip, and upload the backup to s3.
FROM mys3cmdCOPY .pgpass /root/
COPY .s3cfg /root/
COPY dump_db_and_upload.sh /root/RUN chmod 600 /root/.pgpassVOLUME /db_dumpsCMD ["/root/dump_db_and_upload.sh"]
.pgpass is the linked container.
# A script to dump db and compress it and then upload the file to S3.
# should change mode like 'chmod 777 dump_db_and_sync.sh'FILENAME=$(TZ=Asia/Hong_Kong date +"dump%Y-%m-%dT%H:%M:%S+0800.txt.gz")
echo "Begin to dump mynodeappdb to $FULLPATH"# We don't use $POSTGRES_PORT_5432_TCP_ADDR for host, but use postgres which is linked
# $POSTGRES_PORT_5432_TCP_ADDR will change, but link name postgres does not change.
# We also use the link name postgres in .pgpasspg_dump -h postgres -U postgres mynodeappdb | gzip > $FULLPATH
echo "Begin to upload the dump to $S3PATH"
s3cmd put $FULLPATH $S3PATH
echo "Delete the local dump"
echo "Finished dump and upload"
Build the image.
docker build -t mydbbackup2s3 .
Run the container. We don’t add
docker run -d --name mydbbackup2s3 --link mypostgres:postgres -v /mydata/db_dumps:/db_dumps mydbbackup2s3
It should dump database and backup immediately. The container will quit after backing up is done.
We should backup the database regularly and automatically. Let’s create a cron job by running this command:
Input the following lines, save and quit. It will run mydbbackup2s3 container to backup database every Tuesday.
#MIN (0-59) HOUR (0-23) DoM (1-31) MONTH (1-12) DoW (0-7) CMD
#Dump pophub db and upload to S3 every Tuesday at 10:00 Hong Kong time
0 2 * * 2 docker start mydbbackup2s3
Here are some tips about Docker.
Originally published at vinceyuan.github.io on May 29, 2015.